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Pay attention to three points of raising chickens in winter

2021-02-20

The climate is cold in winter. In the process of raising chickens, whether it is feeding or management, some adjustments need to be made to the characteristics of this season, which is conducive to the healthy and smooth winter of the chickens. So, what aspects should be paid attention to when raising chickens at this time? Let's take a look together:

1. Use thick bedding
 
During the breeding process, it was found that the bedding for raisers in some areas was always thin, with only one layer, sparse, and some could not even cover the ground. Or it's very wet, the litter is stuck together, and some waterers are covered with water. Chicken feet are easy to get wet when they step on it. Chicken manure irritates the soles of the feet, which can easily lead to skin breaks and lead to bad feet. In fact, thick litter for raising chickens in winter is beneficial.
 
In order to keep warm and isolate the ground from cold and wet, at the same time, the chicken manure in the thick bedding can also save energy and increase the temperature of the house. Commonly used bedding varieties are: rice husks, sawdust (wood 槺). In addition, the litter is required to be dry, free of foreign matter, mold, and flat and loose.
 
2. Proper drinking water
 
1. Ensure that the water is clean and hygienic, and the sink should be cleaned frequently.
 
2. The water requirement of chickens is generally twice that of the feed they eat, but the actual requirement is often affected by temperature and the type of feed they eat, so sufficient water must be supplied.
 
3. The water temperature should not be too low. Drinking too cold water can reduce the egg production rate and increase the feed consumption. The water temperature is generally 10℃-20℃. If possible, place a large container in the chicken house to put water in to increase the water temperature.
 
4. There should not be too much water in the tank to avoid frostbite on the chicken body. For flat chicken houses, the drinking trough must have a device to prevent chickens from entering the trough.
 
4. Many chicken farms regularly add disinfectants to the drinking water, effectively reducing the loss caused by diseases. It should be noted that disinfectants should be added at the prescribed dosage to prevent poisoning.
 
Third, avoid the death of breeders
 
Deworming breeders in winter can avoid the death of breeders in winter and strive to obtain a large number of good quality eggs in the spring next year.
 
1. Progenitiasis. This disease is caused by the parasitization of progenitor trematodes in the supraluminal sac, fallopian tube and rectum of chickens. Sick chickens lose their appetite, are obviously thin, and are depressed. They often lay yolkless, soft-shelled, and non-shelled eggs. Sometimes the eggshell fragments are discharged from the cloaca or a large amount of thick gray-white mucus flows out, which can cause death in severe cases. Hexachloroethane can be used for prevention and treatment, and 0.3 g per chicken is mixed into the feed and fed 3 times a day for 3 days.
 
2. Chicken tapeworm disease. The disease is mainly caused by chicken tapeworm parasitic in the chicken small intestine. Sick chickens have disheveled feathers, drooping wings, anemia, weight loss, diarrhea, or paralysis, etc., and died after exhaustion. For treatment, thiodichloride powder can be used, mixed with feed at 0.2 to 0.3 grams per kilogram of body weight.
 
3. Chicken ascariasis. The disease is a nematode disease caused by the parasitic Ascaris lumbricoides in the small intestine of chickens. It mainly harms chickens between 3 and 10 months of age. Adult chickens are often bug carriers and generally do not show symptoms. After chicks and middle chickens are infected, they usually show as pale combs, mucosal anemia, digestive disorders, listlessness, drooping wings, standing upright feathers, and even weight loss. The treatment can be treated with Chuchangjing (tetraimidazole), which is 40-60 mg per kilogram of body weight, mixed with feed or dissolved in water.


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